[…] sich in aufrechter Haltung auf den Füßen in schnellerem Tempo so fortbewegen, daß sich jeweils schrittweise für einen kurzen Augenblick beide Sohlen vom Boden lösen […]
DUDEN Das große Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache in sechs Bänden, Band 4: Kam-N Mannheim u.a. 1978 S. 1640
long-distance footrace first held at the revival of the Olympic Games in Athens in 1896. It commemorates the legendary feat of a Greek soldier who, in 490 bc, is supposed to have run from Marathon to Athens, a distance of about 40 km (25 miles), to bring news of the Athenian victory over the Persians and then expired. […]
In 1924 the Olympic marathon distance was standardized at 42,195 metres (26 miles 385 yards). This was based on a decision of the British Olympic Committee to start the 1908 Olympic race from Windsor Castle and finish it in front of the royal box in the stadium at London. The marathon was added to the women’s Olympic program in 1984.
[…] Marathons are not held on the track but on roads, and, despite the fact that courses are not of equal difficulty, the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) does list world records for the marathon […]. World-record times in the marathon steadily declined over the course of the 20th century from slightly under three hours to slightly more than two hours.
It was long considered necessary for a runner to prepare for a marathon by training over that distance. At the 1952 Olympic Games, however, Czech Emil Zátopek set an Olympic record of 2 hours 23 minutes 3.2 seconds, even though he had never run the distance before. In the decades following, other first-time marathoners also won premiere events and set records at the distance. By the late 20th century, road racing, and marathon running in particular, had grown to become a recreational activity with broad appeal. […]
"marathon". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 25 Mrz. 2014
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Dr. Simone Finkele